A “green” certificate allowing you to move freely around the country and do as many activities as possible, including participating in concerts, attending weddings and going to clubs. This is the “green pass” that Italy has put in place to facilitate the movement of people and the reopening of activities, a sort of immunity certificate intended to contain the spread of the coronavirus and ensure the smooth running of the season. summer.
The idea, initially launched at European level, was accelerated by the Italian government and taken up in the last reopening decree at the end of April. Concretely, the pass is granted to those who meet one of these conditions: either having been vaccinated, being cured of Covid-19, or having a negative result in the PCR test at least 48 hours before the trip.
Concretely, the pass will allow free entry and exit of the orange and red areas of the country, as well as to visit the elderly in care homes, but also to attend weddings and other ceremonies – the latter from June 15. The pass will also be made available to foreigners traveling to Italy, while the EU expects to launch a similar Union-wide measure at the end of June.
For now, the old rules will still be in place: people coming to Italy from outside the European Union will still have to have a negative Covid test and do a 10-day quarantine, while those coming from the EU and the Schengen region, Britain and Israel, will only need a negative PCR test result. For Italians traveling abroad, different rules will always be in place in different countries, with a negative Covid test usually required everywhere.
The pass, intended to last between 6 and 9 months (average duration of vaccination coverage), will be issued by the health establishment where the person received the vaccine, or by the hospital or the general practitioner for those who are are recovering from the virus. The specific duration of the pass will vary depending on the type of vaccine: nearly one year for those vaccinated with AstraZeneca, 9 months with Johnson & Johnson, and a similar duration with Pfizer and Moderna. While some regions, such as Lazio in Rome, have already implemented digital certificates through the Italian digital identity system Spid, some technical procedures still need to be adjusted to allow the adoption of certificates nationwide; therefore, the measure cannot yet be considered fully operational.
In the meantime, governments are working at European level to put in place a system that will allow a similar EU Covid-19 certificate to be accessible via a QR code. This will simply need to be displayed next to an identity card in order to be admitted to any EU country, although each member state will need to establish whether they will need any additional measures, such as a PCR test or a period of quarantine, to allow people to move freely.
Finally, regarding the pass, confidentiality issues were raised – the Italian data protection authority complained that it was not involved in the decision-making process. “It is not necessary to indicate the number of vaccines received or even the type of vaccine, and also to consider different certificates depending on the specific condition (vaccination, recovery or negative test result) by which they are issued. “said President Pasquale said Stanzione. Media reports say the health ministry is currently working to resolve the controversies, but the EU pass is expected to set the final standard in all countries.
In Italy, coronavirus rates have steadily improved in recent weeks, with the contagion rate currently remaining at 1.9 points. According to recent statistics, around 22 million Italians plan to stay in Italy for the summer holidays, and 4.5 million of them have already made their reservations. The periods with the most bookings are July and August, and it is expected that most travelers (63.8%) will leave their own region for another. In order to reach their holiday destinations, Italians plan to travel mainly by car (74.7%), plane (17%) and sea transport (1.5 million people).